Categories
Complete Guides

Women Entries In Defence Forces

In the 21st century, many women are taking up leadership roles in various sectors. Be it politics, sports, tech, or academics, their contribution is immense. Their role in the defence forces is not any different. However, their limited positions in all wings throw many questions. Are the defence forces ready to accept female leadership? Should the armed forces be made gender-inclusive? These concerns hinder women in their attempts to join and improve the armed forces.

There are different entry schemes for women to get into armed forces like CDS, NCC, AFCAT, etc. Before moving on to these entry schemes, let’s look back at how women got the opportunity to be a part of the prestigious armed forces of India.

Brief History:

Industrialization and the two World Wars brought women into the military services. The journey of women in the Indian Army began in 1888 when the Indian Military Nursing Service was formed during British rule in India. 

It was in the year 1992 that a historic decision was taken to induct women as Short Service Commission (SSC) officers. Till date, 1200 women have been appointed in the armed forces of India.

Women Entries In Indian Army:

To get into the Indian army, female candidates can apply for the following entry schemes

  •   CDS,
  •     NCC Special Entry,
  •   The Judge Advocate General Entry (JAG),
  •    SSC Tech.

Combined Defence Service (CDS)

UPSC conducts CDS to recruit candidates into the Indian Military Academy, India Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and Officer Training Academy. But female candidates are eligible only for Officer Training Academy (OTA).

Eligibility:

Candidates who wish to be a part of OTA must check the eligibility conditions first. Go through the following eligibility criteria as set by UPSC:

Age Limit: 19-25 years.

Educational Qualification: A woman must be a graduate in any discipline from a recognized university.

Marital Status: Unmarried.

Nationality:

 Candidates willing to sit for the CDS exam must check the conditions of nationality or citizenship:

A candidate must be:

  1. A citizen of India, or
  2. A subject of Nepal, or
  3. A subject of Bhutan, or
  4. A Tibetan refugee who was permanently settled in India before 1st January 1962.
  5. A person who is of Indian origin but migrated from Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, East African countries of Uganda, Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, Malawi, Zaire, Zambia, Ethiopia and Vietnam to settle permanently in India. 

Note: A candidate from category (2), (3), (4), or (5) presents the recruiting body with a certificate of eligibility issued by the Government of India. Moreover, Gorkha candidates from Nepal do not need to provide a certificate of eligibility.

The pattern of the CDS exam is divided into two stages:

  1. Written exam
  2. SSB Interview

 The written exam pattern is different for all three academies. Have a look at the exam pattern of OTA: 

  •      OTA written exam comprises two sections, English and General Knowledge.

For more details on exam patterns, marking schemes and syllabus, read our blog on CDS here

CDS Exam Guide: 2021 Complete Strategy

NCC Special Entry:

 Through the NCC Special Entry mode, female candidates can join the Indian army. The candidate must possess two years of service in the NCC Senior Division army and a B grade on the NCC ‘C’ certificate test. Written exams are not conducted for NCC Special Entry; candidates are shortlisted based on the merit list instead. The selection processes are held twice a year, in June and December. If shortlisted, candidates are offered the Short Service Commission.

 Eligibility: 

The candidate must meet the eligibility requirement for the NCC Special Entry scheme. Following are the eligibility conditions for NNC Special Entry:

Age limit: 19-25 years.

Educational Qualification: A candidate must be a graduate in any discipline from a recognized university with at least 50% marks.

Marital Status: Only unmarried female candidates are eligible.

The Judge Advocate General Entry (JAG):

The Judge Advocate General is one of the most prestigious professions to pursue. It deals with litigation and legal matters of the Indian army.

Eligibility:

Age Limit: 21-27 years

 Nationality:  The candidate must be

1. A citizen of India or

2. The subject of Nepal or  

3. Bhutan or

4. A Tibetan refugee who was permanently settled in India before 1st January 1962.

A person who is of Indian origin but migrated from Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, East African countries of Uganda, Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, Malawi, Zaire, Zambia, Ethiopia and Vietnam to settle permanently in India.

A candidate belonging to categories (ii) and (iii) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India. A certificate of eligibility will, however, not be necessary in the case of candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal.

Educational Qualification:

The candidate must secure a minimum of 55% aggregate marks in LLB Degree (three years professional after graduation or five years after 10+2 examination). Also, the candidate should be from a College/University recognized by the Bar Council of India.

Probationary Period:

After induction, the candidate will be on probation for 6 months. The probationary period is the trial period to test the employee’s performance in the organization.

Training Period: The training period is for 49 weeks which is held at OTA, Chennai.

Selection Procedure:

For JAG no written exam is conducted. Candidates are shortlisted for SSB Interviews based on the merit list. After qualifying the SSB Interview candidates will be called for a medical examination.

How to apply for JAG Entry:

To apply for JAG, visit the website given below:

Join the Indian Army.

Short Service Commission Technical:

The Directorate General Recruiting, AG Branch, conducts SSC Tech in June, July, December and January.

Eligibility:

Candidates must check eligibility criteria before applying for SSC Tech.

Age Limit: 20-27 years

Nationality: The candidate must be

1. A citizen of India or

2. The subject of Nepal or  

3. Bhutan or

4. A Tibetan refugee who was permanently settled in India before 1st January 1962.

A person who is of Indian origin but migrated from Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, East African countries of Uganda, Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, Malawi, Zaire, Zambia, Ethiopia and Vietnam to settle permanently in India.

A candidate belonging to categories (ii) and (iii) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India. A certificate of eligibility will, however, not be necessary in the case of candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal.

Educational Qualification: 

The candidate must be a graduate in engineering. Those candidates who are in the final year of the engineering courses are eligible to apply.

Marital Status:

 Only unmarried females are eligible for SSC Technical Entry.

Women Entries In Indian Air Force:

AFCAT Entry

Women who wish to join the Indian Air Force can apply for AFCAT entry. AFCAT has three branches. They are:

  • Flying Branch
  • Ground Duty- Technical Branch 
  • Ground Duty- Non-Technical Branch

Female candidates can opt for any of the above branches as per their choice.

Flying Branch: 

Officers in the flying branch are trained as Fighter pilots or Helicopter pilots and are a part of various wartime missions.

Eligibility:

Check out the eligibility criteria of the Flying branch given below:

Age Limit: 19-23 years

Educational Qualification: The candidate must be a graduate in any discipline with 60%, have passed Maths and Physics at 10+2 level OR B.E/B.Tech degree from a recognized university with an aggregate of a minimum of 60% marks.

Ground Duty- Technical Branch:

Officers of the technical branch are responsible for the management of various technical processes, weapons and equipments.

Eligibility:

Following are the eligibility requirements for the technical branch:

Age limit: 18-28 years

Educational Qualification: There are two types of services in the Technical branch, Aeronautical Engineer (Mechanical) and Aeronautical Engineer (Electrical). Go through the educational qualification of mechanical as well as electrical:

Aeronautical Engineer (Mechanical): Minimum four-year degree course, with 60% marks in aggregate, qualification in at least eight subjects out of eighteen as per notified in the advertisement OR cleared Section A and B exam of Associate membership of Institution of engineers or Aeronautical Society of India in regular courses.

Aeronautical Engineer (Electrical):   Minimum four-year degree course, with 60% marks in aggregate, qualification in at least eight subjects out of eighteen

 OR 

Cleared Section A and B exam of Associate membership of Institution of engineers or Aeronautical Society of India in regular courses

 OR

Graduate membership exam of the Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers in regular courses.

Ground Duty- Non Technical Branch: 

The Ground Duty Officers are responsible for directing the Indian Air Force. They also manage human and material resources. Furthermore, there are 5 sub-divisions of the Ground Duty Branch. They are:

  1. Administrative Branch
  2. Accounts Branch
  3. Logistic Branch
  4. Education Branch
  5. Meteorology Branch

Eligibility Conditions:

The general eligibility conditions required to become an officer in the Ground Duty branches are:

Age limit:

  •  For graduates: 20 to 23 years, 
  • Post Graduates: 20 to 25 years, 
  • LLB: 20 to 26 years, 
  • M.Ed/ PhD/ CA: 20 to 27 years.

Marital Status: 

Candidates below the age of 25 years must be Unmarried.

Let’s discuss the ground duty branches and the educational qualifications required to join these branches.

Administrative Branch: 

Female candidates selected for the Administrative Branch are responsible for the management of both human and material resources. Some of the officers of this branch are selected and trained to perform the following duties:

  • Air Traffic Controller
  • Fighter Controller

Educational Qualification: 

A candidate must pass 10+2. She must hold a Graduate Degree (Minimum three-year degree course) in any discipline from a recognised university with 60% marks or equivalent or cleared section A & B examination of Associate Membership of Institution of Engineers (India) or Aeronautical Society of India from a recognised university with a minimum of 60% marks or equivalent. 

Accounts Branch:

Officers in the Accounts Branch are responsible for the management of funds in the Air Force. They also act as internal auditors to ensure a zero-defect audit from outside agencies.

Educational Qualification:

The candidates must be a graduate in any of the following disciplines with 60% marks or equivalent from a recognized university:-

  • B.Com Degree (Min three years course).
  • Bachelor of Business Administration (with specialization in Finance)/ Bachelor of Management Studies (with specialization in Finance)/ Bachelor of Business Studies (with specialization in Finance)
  •  Qualified CA/ CMA/ CS/ CFA.
  • B.Sc. with specialization in Finance.
Logistics Branch:

Officers of the Logistics Branch have to manage materials related to Air Force resources. The officers supervise the inventories and ensure the supply chain of various ranges of equipment.

Educational Qualification: 

A candidate must be a 10+2 passed and a Graduate (Minimum three-year degree course) in any discipline from a recognised university with 60% marks or equivalent

 OR

 cleared section A & B examination of Associate Membership of Institution of Engineers (India)

 OR

Aeronautical Society of India from a recognised university with a minimum of 60% marks or equivalent. 

Education Branch:

Officers in the Education Branch perform all the duties related to the educational requirements of Air Force personnel.

Educational Qualification:

The candidates must be a Postgraduate in any discipline with an aggregate of a minimum of 50% marks.

Meteorology Branch:

Officers in the Meteorology Branch handle the latest satellite imagery and state-of-the-art monitoring equipment.

Educational Qualification:

Post Graduation Degree in any science stream/Mathematics/Statistics/Geography/Computer Applications/Environmental Science/Applied Physics/Oceanography/Agricultural Meteorology/Ecology & Environment/Geo-physics/Environmental Biology. All candidates must score a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate in all papers of Post Graduation put together (provided Maths & Physics were studied at Graduation level with a minimum of 55% marks in both).

Women Entries In Indian Navy

Female candidates who are aspiring to get a chance in the Indian Navy can apply for any of the branches of their choice. The various entry branches for women in the Indian Navy are:

  1. Short Service Commissioned Officer Under University Entry Scheme (UES)
  2. SSC Naval Architecture
  3. SC – ATC
  4. SSC – Observer
  5.  Logistics/ Works
  6. SSC Education

SSC Under University Entry Schemes (UES)

 Candidates selected for UES will be inducted as Officers in the rank of Sub Lieutenant. They will undergo 22 weeks of Naval Orientation Course at the INA, Ezhimala, followed by professional training in Naval Ships and Training Establishments. In case of Executive (General Service) entry, the course duration of NOC at INA would be 44 weeks.

Eligibility:

Age Limit: 19-25 years

 Educational Qualification: 

B.E/B.Tech degree in naval architecture / Mechanical / Civil / Aeronautical / Metallurgical / Aerospace engineering with aggregate of 60%.

SSC Naval Architecture

The SSC Naval Architecture officer has to design the warships and submarines. They also supervise constructions at shipyards, platform trials at sea, appoint onboard warships as well as refit and operational support for ships and submarines, including dry docking. 

Eligibility 

Age Limit:19½ -25 years

 Educational Qualification:

The candidates must have BE/B.Tech degree with a minimum of 60% marks in any one of the following disciplines:

  • Mechanical
  • Civil
  • Aeronautical
  • Metallurgy
  • Naval Architecture

SSC Air Traffic Control

The role of ATC in the Indian Navy is to control naval fighter aircraft, maritime reconnaissance aircraft and multi-role helicopters both ashore and afloat.

Eligibility

Age Limit: 19-25 years

Educational Qualification:

B.E/ B.Tech (Any Discipline) with 60% marks, with Maths & Physics at 10+2 level.

SSC Observer

As an Observer in the Indian Navy, officers fly onboard helicopters or fixed-wing aircraft of the Indian Navy. They get a chance to participate in all facets of Naval Operations onboard Maritime Patrol aircraft and state-of-the-art helicopters.

Eligibility:

Age Limit: 19-24 years

Educational Qualification:

 B.E/ B.Tech in any discipline with minimum 55 % marks from a recognized University/ Institution with Maths & Physics at 10+2 level. 

SSC Education

Education Officers give instructions in various Indian Naval Training Establishments including the prestigious Indian Naval Academy (INA) at Ezhimala. In addition, they teach science, technical and service subjects to naval cadets who undertake B.Tech training at INA. 

Eligibility:

Age Limit: 21 – 25 years

 Educational qualification:

  • B.E/ B.Tech/ M.Tech in IT/ Computer Science Engg / Electrical & Electronics/ Electronics & Telecommunication/ Electronics & Instrumentation / Mechanical /Electronics and Communication/ Instrumentation/ Telecommunication.
  • M.Sc (Maths) with Physics in B.Sc / M.Sc (Physics) with Maths in B.Sc / M.Sc (Operational Research)/ M.Sc (Analysis).
  • MCA (Physics or Maths at Graduation Level).
  • M.A (English) / M.A (history). 

Logistics/ Works

The officers are responsible for the ship’s organization, from a smooth supply of stores to all naval units to meet the food and other requirements of the officers of the Indian navy.

Eligibility:

Age Limit: 19 ½ to 25 years.

Educational Qualification

For Logistics: The candidates must possess BE/B Tech in any discipline/ MBA/ B Sc/B Com/B Sc(IT) with first class. PG Diploma in Finance/Logistics/Supply Chain Management/Material Management or MCA/ M Sc (IT) with first class. 

For Works: BE/B Tech(Civil)/B Architect. 

For Catering: M Sc(HM)/ MBA(HM)/ B Sc or BA with first-class and PG Diploma in HM.

Law

Selected female candidates are given the position of advocates under the Advocates Act, 1961.

Eligibility

Age Limit: 22-27 years.

Educational Qualification:

Female candidates who are graduates in law are eligible.

Hence, these are the various entry schemes for women to get into the Armed Forces of India. Send us your queries, we will do our best to provide you with the right information.

All the best!

We welcome your feedback.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *